Biomass and Biofuels

 

BIOMASS is organic material, plant or animal material used for energy production, or in various industrial processes as raw substance for a range of products. It can be specially-grown energy crops, woodland residues, waste from food crops, horticulture, animal farming, food production or even human waste from sewage plants. BIOMASS is an extremely important sector for renewable energy, and it’s development something that’s both important and practical in respect of saving energy, because we can always grow more trees and crops, and waste will always exist.

How does it work??

BIOMASS can be converted to various usable forms of energy like methane gas or transportation fuels like ethanol and biodiesel, and these are called BIOFUELS. Methane gas for example – waste products like rotting garbage, and agricultural and human waste, release methane gas - also called "landfill gas" or "biogas." Crops like corn and sugar cane can be fermented to produce ethanol. Biodiesel, another transport fuel, can be produced from left-over food products like vegetable oils and animal fats. Using BIOMASS for energy significantly cuts back on waste and supports agricultural products in sustainable ways.

BIOMASS is one of the oldest forms of energy production, since prehistoric hunter-gatherers made wood fires for cooking and heat, and as technology and human knowledge has advanced, the principle has been refined in many different forms. Saving Energy features some of the leading companies behind the drive to develop ways to burn more BIOMASS and to create BIOFUELS, so that we reduce the use and global impact of fossil fuels.